browser icon
You are using an insecure version of your web browser. Please update your browser!
Using an outdated browser makes your computer unsafe. For a safer, faster, more enjoyable user experience, please update your browser today or try a newer browser.

Tactics and Strategies for the Conference

This presentation is split into the two basic components of MUN participation: pre-conference preparation and at-conference participation.


Part I: Pre-conference
At-conference Participation



Part I: Pre-conference Preparation

bullet Research – sources include:

bullet Country speeches
bullet Secretary-General’s reports
bullet Country UN Mission web sites
bullet UN Wire
bullet Other “print” sources
bullet Materials from the conference you will be attending
bullet Beware the web!! (know which sources to trust)


bullet Set up your preparation files, using folders, a binder, or a similar format

bullet Keep them organized for easy reference
bullet Get a leg up on everyone else – “Your binder is your friend”


bullet Print everything you can – you’ll need a lot of it at the conference

bullet Learn how to go through what you printed with a critical eye


bullet Share research with your group – there’s no need to work alone
bullet Practice speaking in front of the group – there’s no substitute for practice

bullet Both informal briefings and formal speeches are good tools


bullet Mock sessions are the ultimate practice – and do them with other groups when possible



Part II: At-conference Participation


bullet Start caucusing early

bullet Introduce yourself to others when you arrive at the conference site, and especially in the time before the meeting is called to order


bullet When giving a formal speech, make good use of the time

bullet Time for speeches may be short, and you need to be prepared
bullet Base your speech on the current circumstances
bullet Pre-written speeches versus speaking extemporaneously
bullet A note about speaking styles: don’t read your speech!


bullet Caucusing is where all the work gets done, and it should be done early and often

bullet Behind the scenes versus “formal” caucusing
bullet After hours caucusing and personal contacts


bullet A view of formal caucusing – concentric circles

bullet Stick with the leaders (center of the caucus)
bullet Be active


bullet What is your role?

bullet Some possible roles: leader, facilitator, whip, wordsmith, consensus builder, typist, follower


bullet The only cardinal sin at the UN – never act alone

bullet Strength in diplomacy often comes through numbers


bullet Don’t write a resolution that just states the problem, work toward a solution to the problem first

bullet If the answers are simple, why hasn’t someone solved it yet?


bullet Whenever possible, don’t condemn

bullet If you are trying to solve a problem, condemning one party rarely helps


bullet Compromise, compromise, compromise

bullet What does your nation really need to see in a solution, and what are you willing to compromise?


bullet Credit others whenever possible

bullet Nothing makes friends faster than proving that you were listening, and giving credit to others for their ideas






bullet Remember: When at the conference you are a diplomat, and the Distinguished Representative of your country – think and act the part and others will treat you that way
bullet Always keep in mind: A diplomat’s job (among others) is to “make friends and influence people”
bullet Final advice: Suffer fools gladly



Leave a Reply